absolutism
divine-right monarchy
Louis XIV
Peter the Great (Russia)

Scientific Revolution
Heliocentric theory
Galileo
Rene Descartes
Isaac Newton
Jenner
Louis Pasteur
Enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
social contract
Voltaire
Baron de Montesquieu
Emmanuel Kant
Natural rights
Mary Wollstonecraft
English Civil War
Glorious Revolution
Bill of Rights (GB)
constitutional monarchy
Seven Years’ War
“taxation without representation”
Declaration of Independence/Thomas Jefferson


First/Second/Third Estate
National Assembly
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Jacobinism
Reign of Terror
Brinton’s Cycle of Revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte
Congress of Vienna
Conservative social order
Revolutions of 1848

Toussaint L’Ouverture
Miguel Hidalgo
Simon Bolivar
Jose de San Martin
King Pedro/Pedro II
caudillos

Cottage system
Enclosure movement
Agricultural Revolution
1st Industrial Revolution
Spinning Jenny
cotton gin/Eli Whitney
Manufactured goods
Factory system
Mass production
Capital
Wealth of Nations/Adam Smith
Laissez faire capitalism
Essay on Population/Thomas Malthus
2nd Industrial Revolution
Steam power
Bessemer Process
Communication revolution
Transportation revolution
Urbanization
Social Darwinism
popular consumption
life expectancy rates
infant mortality rates
social mobility
cult of domesticity
Proletariat
Reform movements
Labor unions
Communist Manifesto/Karl Marx

Socialism
Communism
Marxism
Liberalism
Conservatism
Anarchism

Qing China
Opium War
extraterritoriality
Taiping Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
Sino-Japanese War
Sun Yat-sen

Commodore Perry
Meiji Restoration
Constitution of 1890
Diet
zaibatsu
Russo-Japanese War

Crimean War
emancipation of Russian serfs
pogroms
Russification
Czar Nicholas II
Revolution of 1905
Duma
Irish home rule
Second and Third Reform Acts (GB)
Dreyfus Affair