Bedouin
Mecca
Medina
Ka'aba
Shariah
Hadith
Hajj
Caliph
Qur'an
Hijra
Caliphate
Ali
Jihad
Sunni/Shia split

Dhimmi

Umayyad

Damascus
Cordoba (al-Andalus)
Abbasid
Baghdad

Dhows
Harem
Seljuk Turks

Delhi Sultanate

Bhaktic Cults
Malay sailors

Stateless societies
Ethiopia
Sudanic states
Trans-Saharan (Gold-Salt) trade

Ghana
Mali
Sundiata
Griots

Mansa Musa
Timbuktu
Songhay

Zenj (Swahili Coast)
Benin
Great Zimbabwe

Ulama

Sufi
Dome of the Rock
Astrolabe
Arabic numerals
Mosque
One-Thousand and One Nights
Ibn Battuta

Byzantine Empire (Byzantium)

Hagia Sophia
Theme system
Patriarch
Iconoclastic controversy
Eastern Orthodox Church
Ottoman Turks

St. Cyril
Cyrillic alphabet
Kiev
Vladimir I
Russian Orthodox Church
Yaroslav the Wise

Ivan the Terrible
Czar
Boyars

Medieval Period

Vikings
Feudalism
Code of chivalry

Manorialism
Serfs
Roman Catholic Church
excommunication

Battle of Tours
Charlemagne
Holy Roman Empire
Magna Carta
parliaments

power of the purse
habeas corpus
Crusades

Saladin
Scholasticism
Thomas Aquinas
Gothic architecture
Vernacular literature

“just” price
Hanseatic League

Guild
Hundred Years’ War
Black Death (bubonic plague)

Toltec
Quetzalcoatl
Tenochtitlan
Chinampas
Pochteca
Calpulli
Tribute system
Incan Empire (Twantinsuyu)
Quechua
Mita
Ayllus
Quipu