The First Industrial Revolution.

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The First Industrial Revolution is often known as the Textile revolution. It was based around textile manufactering and factories. Before the First Industrial Revolution, England's economy was based on the cottage industry, in which production took place in domestic settings. This process did not allow for high production when demand rose. In 1733, John Kay invented the flying shuttle, which cut weaving time in half. This led to more inventions to better the production of cloth, and by the 1750's, the Industrial Revolution had begun. Inventions such as the spinning jenny and the water-powered frame, the spinning mule, the power loom, and the cotton gin, all helped the manufacturing of cotton goods by speeding up the process. The idea of iterchangeable parts aowed for mass production and the factory system. Mass production had begun, along with capitalism. The factory system proved itself more efficient than the cottage industry, taking over the economy. The factory system produced more job opurtunities, creating a middle, factory working class. Steam engines provided faster modes of transportation and served as a bridge between the First and Second Revolutions.

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Created by: Alexa DeAntonio